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Old 07-14-2010, 02:14 PM   #1
Talon87
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Happy Bastille Day!


Courtesy of Wikipedia:
Bastille Day is the French national holiday which is celebrated on 14 July each year. In France, it is formally called La Fête Nationale (National Celebration) and commonly le quatorze juillet (the fourteenth of July). It commemorates the 1790 Fête de la Fédération, held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789; the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille fortress-prison was seen as a symbol of the uprising of the modern nation, and of the reconciliation of all the French inside the constitutional monarchy which preceded the First Republic, during the French Revolution. Festivities are held on the morning of 14 July, on the Champs-Élysées avenue in Paris in front of the President of the Republic.


On 5 May 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates-General to hear their grievances. The deputies of the Third Estate representing the common people (the two others were the Catholic Church and nobility) decided to break away and form a National Assembly. On 20 June the deputies of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing not to separate until a constitution had been established. They were gradually joined by delegates of the other estates; Louis started to recognize their validity on 27 June. The assembly re-named itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July, and began to function as a legislature and to draft a constitution.

In the wake of the 11 July dismissal of Jacques Necker, the people of Paris, fearful that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal military, and seeking to gain ammunition and gunpowder for the general populace, stormed the Bastille, a fortress-prison in Paris which had often held people jailed on the basis of lettres de cachet, arbitrary royal indictments that could not be appealed. Besides holding a large cache of ammunition and gunpowder, the Bastille had been known for holding political prisoners whose writings had displeased the royal government, and was thus a symbol of the absolutism of the monarchy. As it happened, at the time of the siege in July 1789 there were only seven inmates, none of great political significance.

When the crowd—eventually reinforced by mutinous gardes françaises—proved a fair match for the fort's defenders, Governor de Launay, the commander of the Bastille, capitulated and opened the gates to avoid a mutual massacre. However, possibly because of a misunderstanding, fighting resumed. Ninety-eight attackers and just one defender died in the actual fighting, but in the aftermath, de Launay and seven other defenders were killed, as was the 'prévôt des marchands' (roughly, mayor) Jacques de Flesselles.

The storming of the Bastille was more important as a rallying point and symbolic act of rebellion than a practical act of defiance.

Shortly after the storming of the Bastille, on 4 August feudalism was abolished and on 26 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen proclaimed.


See also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storming_of_the_Bastille
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%AA...9d%C3%A9ration


Happy Bastille Day, everyone!
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Old 07-15-2010, 01:46 AM   #2
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Yay!
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Old 07-15-2010, 01:58 AM   #3
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July is THE most popular month for revolution, after-all.
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Old 07-15-2010, 09:32 AM   #4
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You know how it goes - in the midst of summer when the heat is to oppressive to be a lowly farmer or peasant, there's nothing better to do than to overthrow the equally oppressive government.
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Old 07-14-2011, 05:20 PM   #5
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Bump. And Happy Bastille Day, everyone!
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Old 07-15-2011, 12:36 AM   #6
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These summer revolutions sure are popular!

Will you give all you can give so that our banner may advance? Some will fall and some will live; will you stand up and take your chance? The blood of the martyrs shall water the meadows of France!

...wrong year, I know. w
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Old 07-15-2011, 12:58 AM   #7
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Old 07-15-2011, 08:31 PM   #8
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July is THE most popular month for revolution, after-all.
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Old 07-15-2011, 10:46 PM   #9
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Joyeux Fête National!
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Old 08-24-2011, 12:07 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Talon87 View Post

Courtesy of Wikipedia:
Bastille Day is the French national holiday which is celebrated on 14 July each year. In France, it is formally called La Fête Nationale (National Celebration) and commonly le quatorze juillet (the fourteenth of July). It commemorates the 1790 Fête de la Fédération, held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789; the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille fortress-prison was seen as a symbol of the uprising of the modern nation, and of the reconciliation of all the French inside the constitutional monarchy which preceded the First Republic, during the French Revolution. Festivities are held on the morning of 14 July, on the Champs-Élysées avenue in Paris in front of the President of the Republic.


On 5 May 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates-General to hear their grievances. The deputies of the Third Estate representing the common people (the two others were the Catholic Church and nobility) decided to break away and form a National Assembly. On 20 June the deputies of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, swearing not to separate until a constitution had been established. They were gradually joined by delegates of the other estates; Louis started to recognize their validity on 27 June. The assembly re-named itself the National Constituent Assembly on 9 July, and began to function as a legislature and to draft a constitution.

In the wake of the 11 July dismissal of Jacques Necker, the people of Paris, fearful that they and their representatives would be attacked by the royal military, and seeking to gain ammunition and gunpowder for the general populace, stormed the Bastille, a fortress-prison in Paris which had often held people jailed on the basis of lettres de cachet, arbitrary royal indictments that could not be appealed. Besides holding a large cache of ammunition and gunpowder, the Bastille had been known for holding political prisoners whose writings had displeased the royal government, and was thus a symbol of the absolutism of the monarchy. As it happened, at the time of the siege in July 1789 there were only seven inmates, none of great political significance.

When the crowd—eventually reinforced by mutinous gardes françaises—proved a fair match for the fort's defenders, Governor de Launay, the commander of the Bastille, capitulated and opened the gates to avoid a mutual massacre. However, possibly because of a misunderstanding, fighting resumed. Ninety-eight attackers and just one defender died in the actual fighting, but in the aftermath, de Launay and seven other defenders were killed, as was the 'prévôt des marchands' (roughly, mayor) Jacques de Flesselles.

The storming of the Bastille was more important as a rallying point and symbolic act of rebellion than a practical act of defiance.

Shortly after the storming of the Bastille, on 4 August feudalism was abolished and on 26 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen proclaimed.


See also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storming_of_the_Bastille
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%AA...9d%C3%A9ration


Happy Bastille Day, everyone!
Viva la Revolution!

My favorite event in French history.
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Old 08-24-2011, 12:08 AM   #11
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BTW, for anyone curious. Look up "Do you hear the people sing, Les Miserables" on youtube. Beautiful song!
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Old 08-24-2011, 09:26 PM   #12
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Aw yea.

::hi5::
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Old 07-14-2012, 02:37 PM   #13
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Bump #2 for another year of best wishes for a joyeuse fête nationale to everybody!
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Old 07-14-2012, 02:58 PM   #14
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"I'm assuming Bastille is the name of his stripper?"
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asbwffb

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Old 07-14-2012, 03:40 PM   #15
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Yay bloodshed!
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Old 07-14-2012, 04:15 PM   #16
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Huh, I wasn't aware of this holiday.
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Old 07-14-2012, 04:16 PM   #17
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I'm actually in France for this. Pretty cool.
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Old 07-16-2012, 03:16 AM   #18
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July is THE most popular month for revolution, after-all.
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Old 07-14-2013, 01:18 PM   #19
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Bump #3! Joyeuse fête nationale! Wishing you a happy Fourteenth of July and a wonderful second half to 2013.
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Old 07-14-2013, 01:32 PM   #20
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Thanks Talon, I hope your second half is wonderful, as well!

Also yay bastille day whoooooo
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Old 07-15-2013, 02:06 AM   #21
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July is THE most popular month for revolution, after-all.
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Old 08-15-2013, 05:33 PM   #22
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Vive la France!!
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Old 07-14-2014, 01:26 AM   #23
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Bump #4! Joyeuse fête nationale! Wishing everyone another happy Fourteenth of July!
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Old 07-14-2014, 01:37 AM   #24
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July is THE most popular month for revolution, after-all.
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今 信じあえる
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Old 07-14-2014, 01:41 AM   #25
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Bonsoir, mes amis! Joyeuse fête nationale! Comment tu passeras ta journée? Moi? Je mangerai une gâteau!

(My French is really rusty orz. Hope I did some of my French ancestry proud XD))
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