View Single Post
Old 05-01-2017, 01:13 PM   #464
Talon87
Shenmue III, baby!
 
Talon87's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2007
Location: Lafayette, Indiana
Posts: 20,186
Send a message via AIM to Talon87
Quote:
Originally Posted by Doppleganger View Post
"Niseimono ni wa nakete honmono ni wa aru mono."
Nisemono and nakute. It's the linked clause form of ない, "not [being, existing; having]".

Using a basic い adjective in 青い aoi "blue", I'll explain:
  • 青い aoi is the adjective
  • 青く aoku is the adverb
  • 青くて aokute is the adjective in a string
"It's blue. It's big. It's new." 青い。大きい。新しい。
"It's blue, big, and new." 青くて、大きくて、新しい。

The て form allows you to form strings, as in English, rather than having to awkwardly produce a series of short independent sentences.

But it can also be thought of here as permitting you to string clauses. You have the main clause, "Something which the genuine article possesses," and then you have attached to that the preceding clause, "That the fake doesn't possess".

て form is a must-learn for all first-year students of the language. If you haven't studied it yet, I'd recommend you look into it. It has a broad range of applications, including:
  • one form of the imperative (e.g. "Listen!")
  • stringing adjectives, nouns, and verbs in sentences
  • as the first half of the verb in many verb-auxiliary verb pairs (e.g. -ている, -てある, -ておく, -てしまう)
Talon87 is online now   Reply With Quote